Zhishang Chemical

Welcome to Zhishang Chemical      +86-176 5311 3209     Simon@sdzschem.com

Zhishang Chemical
Close this search box.

Ethyl Formate CAS 109-94-4

Molecular Formula: C3H6O2

Formula Weight: 74.08

ZSpharmac: Ethyl Formate Raw Material Supplier

Product Name: Ethyl Formate
CAS No: 109-94-4
Purity: 99%

Navigation Bar

Basic Info

Product Name:Ethyl Formate
Other Names:Ethyl Ester of Formic Acid
Place of Origin:Shandong, China
Brand Name:ZSpharmac
Type:Cosmetic Raw Materials
Appearance:Clear Liquid
EINECS No.:203-721-0
Provide:Ethyl Formate MSDS;
Ethyl Formate COA

What is Ethyl Formate?

Ethyl Formate, whose Chinese name is ethyl formate, is an organic compound with a chemical formula of HC(O)OCH2CH3 and a CAS registration number of 109-94-4. It is a colorless and transparent liquid with a strong pungent odor, similar to pineapple and rum aroma. It is easily volatile at room temperature, miscible with many organic solvents, slightly soluble in water and gradually decomposes in water.

Ethyl formate is mainly produced through the esterification reaction of formic acid and ethanol. It is a commonly used food flavoring and is approved for use in food and beverages to add flavor. In addition, it also has certain applications in chemical industry, pharmaceuticals, fungicides, pesticides (such as fumigants) and other fields. Because of its volatility, low toxicity and easy biodegradation, it can also be used as an environmentally friendly fumigant to replace harmful chemicals in some cases. At the same time, ethyl formate can also be used as an intermediate in chemical synthesis and participate in various chemical reactions, such as ester condensation reactions.

Ethyl Formate Property

Melting point 

-80 °C (lit.)

Boiling point 

52-54 °C (lit.)


0.921 g/mL at 20 °C (lit.)

vapor density 

2.5 (vs air)

vapor pressure 

15.16 psi ( 55 °C)

refractive index 

n20/D 1.359(lit.)


7 °F

storage temp. 



Miscible with alcohol, benzene, and ether (Hawley, 1981)






Characteristic; pleasant aromatic.

Odor Threshold


Odor Type


explosive limit


Water Solubility 

11 g/100 mL (18 ºC)


Ethyl Formate Uses

Food and Beverage Additives:
Ethyl Formate has a fruity aroma, especially the taste of cherries and apricots, so it is used as a food additive in condiments and flavors to enhance and simulate the aroma of specific fruits. It is widely used in candies, baked products, chewing gum, ice cream and beverages, etc. industry.

Pesticides and Fumigants:
Due to its certain insecticidal and bactericidal effects, Ethyl Formate can be used as a fumigant in grain storage facilities to prevent pests and pathogenic microorganisms and reduce crop losses. At lower concentrations, it kills insect eggs and larvae without harming the quality of the grain itself.

Chemical synthesis raw materials:
In the process of chemical synthesis, Ethyl Formate can be used as an intermediate to participate in a series of chemical reactions to generate other chemicals. For example, it may be used in the preliminary steps of synthesizing certain drugs or active ingredients in the pharmaceutical industry.

Solvents and thinners:
Due to its good solubility properties, Ethyl Formate can be used as a solvent to dissolve certain resins, dyes and other organic compounds, and can also be used as a diluent in formulations such as paints and inks.

Scientific research and laboratory applications:
In the laboratory, Ethyl Formate is used in analytical chemistry and research experiments, such as as a stationary liquid for gas chromatography analysis, or as a model compound in chemical synthesis reactions for mechanism studies.

Other uses:
There are also reports that Ethyl Formate can be used as a solvent for cellulose acetate and as a cleaning agent in some special processes.

Ethyl Formate Features

Physical properties:
Ethyl Formate is a colorless, clear liquid with a high volatility, which means it evaporates quickly, making it useful for applications that require quick drying or volatility.
It has good solubility and is miscible with alcohols, ethers and other organic solvents. It has certain water solubility but will gradually hydrolyze in water.
It has a characteristic aromatic flavor, which makes it particularly useful in the spice and food industries.

Chemical stability and reactivity:
It is easily hydrolyzed and can be converted into formic acid and ethanol under certain conditions. This reversibility allows it to be used as an intermediate in esterification reactions or in transesterification reactions in certain chemical reactions.
The unstable material will break down under certain circumstances, but this property also means that it may have controllable degradation ability in specific applications.

Environmental protection and safety:
As a fumigant, the advantage of Ethyl Formate is that it is relatively biodegradable and environmentally friendly. Compared with some traditional fumigants, it pollutes the environment less.
Although it is irritating to the skin and mucous membranes at high concentrations, and excessive inhalation may produce anesthetic effects, under appropriate concentrations and reasonable operation, it can be used for green prevention and control, such as effective control of pests and germs in food safety and storage. .

Application value in many fields:
In addition to the above-mentioned uses as food additives and fumigants, due to its unique chemical structure and reactivity, Ethyl Formate is also widely used in pharmaceutical intermediate synthesis, solvents, detergents and other fields.


Park MG, Lee BH, Yang JO, Kim BS, Roh GH, Kendra PE, Cha DH. Ethyl Formate as a Methyl Bromide Alternative for Fumigation of Citrus: Efficacy, Fruit Quality, and Workplace Safety. J Econ Entomol. 2021 Dec 6;114(6):2290-2296. doi: 10.1093/jee/toab175. PMID: 34622933.

As a company specializing in the production and supply of Ethyl Formate raw materials, we are committed to providing customers with high-quality products and preferential prices. We have rich experience and technology to ensure product quality and stable supply. No matter where you are, we can provide you with the Ethyl Formate raw materials you need to support your production and research and development.

We always adhere to the principle of honest operation, strictly control product quality, and serve every customer with a customer-first attitude. Over the years, we have established good cooperative relationships with customers at home and abroad and won their trust and praise.

If you have needs or are interested in our products, please contact our service staff directly, we will wholeheartedly provide you with the best quality services and products. Looking forward to cooperating with you and developing together!

Company Profile and Corporate Culture

Company Profile:

ZhiShang Chemical is owned by ZhiShang Group is a professional new-type chemicals enterprise combined into research and development, production and sales .

The company’s competitive product is pharmaceutical raw materials and intermediates (especially carbohydrate derivatives Series), In recent years, the company has made a major breakthrough in food and feed additives, plant extraction, industrial chemicals industry .

The company insists on the spirit of “sincere management, strict quality control, customer as god” , get consistent high praise from customers at home and abroad.

Corporate Culture:

Help China Chemicals to benefit the happiness of human life
Become the most trusted chemical supplier in the world
Striver – oriented, enrich employees, customer first, deep service, seek development
Be prepared for danger in times of peace, forge ahead actively, unity and cooperation, and be brave to fight

About Us

The production base is located in Zhangqiu chemical industry park and Tai’an high-tech chemical industry park. laboratory and workshop in strict accordance with the GMP standard and the product fit national ISO9001 and ISO2000 standards.

“Zhishang” products are exported to Europe, North and South America, the Middle East, Asia Pacific and Africa area, so as to establish a long-term and stable cooperation relationship with customer in the world.

Company Info
  • Business Type: Manufacturer
  • Product Range: Cosmetic raw materials
  • Products/Service:Cosmetic raw materials (flavors and fragrances,antioxidant products, moisturizing and hydrating, whitening agents, cosmetic additives)
  • Total Employees: 51~100
  • Capital (Million US $): 10000000RMB
  • Year Established: 2016
Production Capacity
  • No. of Production Lines : 8
  • No. of QC Staff : 5 -10 People
  • OEM Services Provided : yes
  • Factory Size (Sq.meters) : 3,000-5,000 square meters
  • Certificate: ISO9001 , CE , GMP , API , MSDS
  • Factory Location : Diao Town Industry Park, Zhangqiu City, Jinan City, Shandong Province, China.


Pre-Sales Service

* Prompt reply and 24 hours online, professional team to provide best price and high quality product.

* Sample testing support.

* Every batch of products will be tested to ensureits quality.

*The packing also can be according the customers` requirment.

*Any inquiries will be replied within 24 hours.

*we provide Commerical Invoice, Packing List, Bill of loading, COA , Health certificate and Origin certificate. If your markets have any special requirements, let us know.


After-Sales Service

*The fact of logistics information monitoring.

* Any questions about the product can be consulted at any time.

*Product has any problem can return.


Do you accept sample order?

We will make samples before mass production, and after sample approved, we’ll begin mass production. Doing 100% inspection during production, then do random inspection before packing.



You can get free samples for some products,you only need to pay the shipping cost or arrange a courier to us and take the samples. You can send us your product specifications and requests,we will manufacture the products according to your requests.

What’s your MOQ?

Our MOQ is 1kg. But usually we accept less quantity such as 100g on the condition that sample charge is 100% paid.

Do you supply product report?

Yes. We’ll give you product analysis report before shipping.

  Is there a discount?

Different quantity has different discount.


1. ≤50kg, Express delivery recommended, usually called as DDU service;

2. ≤500kg, Air shipping recommended, usually called as FOB, CFR, or CIF service;

3. >500kg, sea shipping recommended, usually called as FOB, CFR, or CIF service;

4. For high value products, please select air shipping and express delivery for safe.

Get Ethyl Formate Quotation