Clove basil is a seasonal subshrub of Lamiaceae, with a plant height of 1-1.2 m. It is a yearly upright natural herb and is aromatic all at once. The stem is square, the top part is much branched, the surface is typically purple-green, as well as is pilose. Leaves opposite, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, pinnacle acute or acuminate, base cuneate, margin sparsely serrate or whole, with glandular points listed below. Verticels terminal, organized in discontinuous racemes, with 6 or more blossoms per twist; flower rachis long and largely pubescent; bracts ovate and also tiny, with hairy margins; calyx tubular, apex 5-lobed, The top one is large, virtually round, and the continuing to be 4 are smaller sized, greatly triangular; corolla 2-lipped, white or light red; stamens 4, 2 strong; ovary 4-lobed. 4 little nuts, almost round, dark brown. Solitary fallen leaves contrary, brochures long ovate, 5-10 centimeters long, cuneate at the base, blunt or coarsely serrated on the brink, glandular points on the back of the fallen leaves. Verticillary florescence, with more than 10 whorls of florets developing a spike. Flowers are little, white or yellow-white. Nutlets are almost round fit. Clove basil is belonging to Seychelles and Comoros in Africa. Presented into China in 1956, it is grown as an annual in the north and as a subshrub in the south of the Yangtze River. It suches as a warm and humid environment with lots of rainfall. Propagate by seeds, origin departments or cuttings. 0.5 kg of seeds are used for sowing per acre, as well as the spacing in between plants and rows is 50cm × 65cm. It is generated and also cultivated in Guangdong and Fujian. When the florescences remain in order 60-75 days after growing, the aboveground components are removed and distilled. Reinforce fertilizer and water monitoring. Harvest and distill three even more times in August, mid-October and late November. The average oil yield is 0.37% ~ 0.77%. Blossom spike oil content is the highest.
Clove basil oil is the unpredictable oil gotten by steam purification of the entire natural herb of Lamiaceae plant Oicmum gratissimum L., the primary component is eugenol, as well as clove basil oil includes more than 60% eugenol. Important oils are made use of in food, cosmetics as well as soaps, as well as eugenol is made use of medicinally.